James J. Gibson - Quotes

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The meaning or value of a thing consists of what it affords. ---->>>

Hence it is that the shape of something is especially meaningful. ---->>>

The abstract analysis of the world by mathematics and physics rests on the concepts of space and time. ---->>>

There has been a great gulf in psychological thought between the perception of space and objects on one hand and the perception of meaning on the other. ---->>>

The perception of what a thing is and the perception of what it means are not separate, either. ---->>>

I also assume that they are not simply the physical properties of things as now conceived by physical science. Instead, they are ecological, in the sense that they are properties of the environment relative to an animal. ---->>>

What a thing is and what it means are not separate, the former being physical and the latter mental as we are accustomed to believe. ---->>>

Psychology is still trying to explain the perception of the position of an object in space, along with its shape, size, and so on, and to understand the sensations of color. ---->>>

The human young must learn to perceive these affordances, in some degree at least, but the young of some animals do not have time to learn the ones that are crucial for survival. ---->>>

A mechanical encounter or other energy-exchange may cause tissue damage. ---->>>


Nationality: American
Born: 01-27, 1904
Die: 12-11, 1979
Occupation: Psychologist

James Jerome Gibson (/ˈɡɪbsən/; January 27, 1904 – December 11, 1979), was an American psychologist who received his Ph.D. from Princeton University's Department of Psychology, and is considered one of the most important 20th century psychologists in the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing (wikipedia)